Consequence of Groundwater Irrigation on Physico-chemical Properties of Soils of Kanholibara Village in Nagpur District, Maharashtra, India

Main Article Content

Sagar N. Ingle
V. P. Babhulkar
Shubham B. Girdekar
S. K. Sarkate


A field experiment entitled “Effect of Groundwater irrigation on various soil properties of Kanholi-Bara in Nagpur District Was conducted during Kharif season of 2015-2016 at Kanholi-Bara of Hingana tahsil in Nagpur District Maharashtra, India. The soil samples were collected from that area comprises two source of irrigations viz well water and bore well water and soybean crop which were taken in these fields. The mean value of pH 7.79 was recorded with ground water irrigation and EC in groundwater irrigated soil 0.81 dS m-1.The organic carbon contains in ground water irrigated soil with high Sodium Absorption Ratio (SAR) and Residual Sodium Carbonate (RSC) was lower by 35.19 per cent less than mean value of organic carbon. The lowest available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium status were 185.44, 15.65 and 178.80 kg ha-1 respectively were obtained with the application of ground water of high RSC and SAR. Whereas the highest accumulation of heavy metal in soil 1.16 mg kg-1 lead, 1.30 mg kg-1 Cobalt, 1.19 mg Kg-1Nikel and 0.037 mg kg-1 Cadmium were present in soil with the application of high SAR and RSC irrigation water. Due to continuous and injudicious irrigation with poor quality groundwater adversely affect the physical and chemical properties of soil.

SAR, RSC, groudwater, physicho-chemical.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ingle, S. N., Babhulkar, V. P., Girdekar, S. B., & Sarkate, S. K. (2019). Consequence of Groundwater Irrigation on Physico-chemical Properties of Soils of Kanholibara Village in Nagpur District, Maharashtra, India. International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 20(1), 1-9.
Original Research Article


Varallyay G. Soil water problems related to salinity and alkalinity in irrigated lands, ^ Worthington EB (ed.). Arid Land Irrigation in Developing Countries. Pergamon Press, Oxford. 1977;251-264.

Gulhati ND, Smith WC. Irrigated agriculture: An historical review. In Hagan RM, Haise HR, Edminster TW, Dinauer RC, (eds.). Irrigation of agricultural lands. Agronomy. Am. Soc. Agron, Madison, Wis. 196711:3-11.

Kovda VA. Some effects of irrigation and drainage on soils, Irrigation, Drainage and Salinity. FAO/UNESCO. An International Source Book. 1973; 387-408.

Klute A, Dirksen C. Hydraulic conductivity and diffusivity laboratory methods in methods of soil analysis Part-I. In: Klute A. (ed) Agron Monograph 9, Madison, Wisconsin. 1986;716-719.

Yaalon DH. Problèmes of soil testing on calcareous soils. Plant and Soil. 1957;8(3):257-287.

Richards LA. Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkaline soils. Handbook, USDA Handbook No. 60., USDA, Washington D. C; 1954.

Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis, prentice hall of India private limited New Delhi; 1967.

Walkley A, Black AI. An examination of degtijareff method for determining soil organic matter and a propose modification of chromic acid titration method. Soil Science. 1934;37:29-38.

Subbiah BV, Asija GL. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soil, Current Sciences. 1956;25: 257-260.

Chesnin L, Yien CH. Turbid metric determination of available sulphur in soil. Soil Sci. Soc. of America Proceedings. 1951;15:149-151.

Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR. Methods of soil analysis, part 2, Chemical and microbiological properties, Amer. Soc. of Agron, Madison, Wisconsin, USA; 1982.

Kadu PR. Soils of Adasa watershed, their geomorphology, formation, characterization and land evaluation for rational land use. Ph. D. Thesis (unpub.), Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola; 1997.

Almasri MN, Kaluarachchi JJ. Assessment and management of long-term nitrate pollution of groundwater in agriculture-dominated watersheds and thei interaction effect on early growth of plant root and their transfer to human food chain. J. Environ. Sci. Health. 2004;34(4): 681-708.

Bharambe PR, Kadam SG, Shinde SD, Shelke DK. Characterization of soils of Majalgaon canal command area, Water management center. Marathwada Agriculture University, Parbhani, Maharashtra. J. Indian Soc. of Soil Sci. 1999;47:749-759.

Ahmed N, Webster JL. Improvement and management of salt affected Vertisols (Scotland clays) using irrigation and organic and inorganic soil amendments in Barbados. West Indies. Trans. Intl. Workshop swells shrink soils. Oxford and IBH, New Delhi. 1988;232-233.

Dulal R. Dark clay soils of tropical and subtropical regions. FAO Agri. Dev. Paper No. 83, Rome, Italy. 1965;16.

Singh K, Bhandari AR, Tomar KP. Morphology, genesis and classification of some soils of northwest Himalayas. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science; 1991.

Patangray AJ, Kuchanwar OD, Ingle SN. Assessment of groundwater quality and its effect on physico-chemical properties of soils under Pench irrigation project in Nagpur District, Maharashtra. International Journal of Chemical Studies. 2018;6(4): 1559-1564

Mico C, Recatala L, Peris M, Sanchez J. Assessing heavy metal sources in agriculture soils of a European Mediterranean area by multivariate analysis, Chemosphere. 2006;65(5):863-872.

Patel KP, Pandya RR, Maliwal GL, Patel KC, Ramani VP, George V. Heavy metal content of different effluents and their relative availability in soils irrigated with effluent waters around major industrial cities of Gujarat. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science. 2004;52(1):89-94.

Malewar GU, More SD. Soil plant behavior in relation to salt affected vertisols of Maharashtra. Retrospect’s and prospects a review. J. Maharashtra Agric. Univ. 1988; 13:249-253.

Yadav, Kumar P. Studies on the long term effect of sodic waters, FYM and gypsum on the productivity of various cropping systems and physicochemical characteristics in light textured soil, Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University; 2004.

Chauhan RP, Bhudayal CP, Vishwoi RK. Quality assessment of under groundwater of semi-arid tract and their impaction soil. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci. 1990;39:516-519.