Carbon Sequestration Potential of Oil Palm Plantations in Tamil Nadu Regimes, India

Main Article Content

S. S. Rakesh
V. Davamani
Sara P. B. Kamaludeen
S. Maragatham
A. Lakshmanan
E. Parameswari
M. Velmurugan

Abstract

Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis), being a potential carbon sequestering perennial crop by biological means, has helped in mitigating global warming and climatic fluctuations. In our study, we selected Tenera hybrids in three oil palm plantations of major oil palm growing regions of Theni and Thanjavur districts of Tamil Nadu, India during the year 2019. Carbon sequestration potential was assessed by the standard procedures and methodology. The present study revealed that carbon sequestration was higher in trunks, which was found to be 2.57 t C/ha (tons of carbon per hectare) in 4 years, 22.33 t C/ha in 8 years and 59.79 t C/ha in 15 years with respect to the age of plantation. The roots sequestered carbon for about 0.67 t C/ha in 4 years, 5.80 t C/ha in 8 years and 15.54 t C/ha in 15 years old plantations and the fronds sequesters about 1.41 t C/ha in 4 years, 2.44 t C/ha in 8 years and 3.01 t C/ha in 15 years old oil palm plantations. The findings  evidenced that the biomass production in oil palm increased proportionally with different age group of oil palm. This findings established the importance of oil palm plantation for  carbon sequestration to reduce natural as well as anthropogenic sources for climatic fluctuations.

Keywords:
Carbon sequestration, biomass, tenera hybrid, climatic fluctuations.

Article Details

How to Cite
Rakesh, S. S., Davamani, V., Kamaludeen, S. P. B., Maragatham, S., Lakshmanan, A., Parameswari, E., & Velmurugan, M. (2020). Carbon Sequestration Potential of Oil Palm Plantations in Tamil Nadu Regimes, India. International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 21(11), 7-17. https://doi.org/10.9734/irjpac/2020/v21i1130220
Section
Original Research Article

References

Henderson J, Osborne DJ. The oil palm in all our lives: how this came about. Endeavour. 2000;24:63-68.

FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2015.

Available:http://www.fao.org/faostat

Dislich C, Keyel AC, Salecker J, Kisel Y, Meyer KM, Auliya M, et al., A review of the ecosystem functions in oil palm plantations, using forests as a reference system. Biol. Rev., 2017; 92:1539-1569.

Ditjenbun. Indonesian oil palm plantation area: data from 1999 to 2014. Directorate general of plantations and estates, Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia; 2014.

National Food Security Mission (NFSM). Present Status of Oilseed crops and vegetable oils in India. 2018.

Available:https://www.nfsm.gov.in/StatusPaper/NMOOP2018.pdf

Fairhurst T, Griffiths W. Oil palm: best management practices for yield intensification." International Plant Nutrition Institute (IPNI), Singapore; 2014.

Corley RHV, Gray BS, Kee NS. Productivity of the oil palm (ElaeisguineensisJacq.) in Malaysia. Exp. Agric., 1971;7:129-136.

Corley RHV, Tinker PBH. The Oil Palm. 4th ed. Wiley-Blackwell; Oxford, UK; 2003.

Kotowska MM, Leuschner C, Triadiati T, MeriemS, Hertel D. Quantifying above‐and belowground biomass carbon loss with forest conversion in tropical lowlands of S umatra (Indonesia). Glob. Change. Biol. 2015;21:3620-34.

Hartmann C. Evolution etcomportement de sols sablo-argileuxferralitiques sous culture de palmiers à huile: cas de la plantation R. Michaux à Dabou (Côte d'Ivoire). Thèse de doctorat :Pédologie. Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris; 1991.

Carlson KM, Curran LM, Ratnasari D, Pittman AM, Soares-Filho BS, Asner GP et al., Committed carbon emissions, deforestation, and community land conversion from oil palm plantation expansion in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2012;109:7559-64.

Curran LM, Trigg SN, McDonald AK, Astiani D, Hardiono YM, Siregar P, et al., Lowland forest loss in protected areas of Indonesian Borneo. Science. 2004; 303:1000-1003.

Jackson ML. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentic Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi. India; 1973.

Chave J, Andalo C, Brown S, Cairns MA, Chambers JQ, Eamus D, et al., Tree allometry and improved estimation of carbon stocks and balance in tropical forests. Oecologia, 2005;145:87-99.

Ravindranath NH, Ostwald M. Carbon inventory methods: handbook for greenhouse gas inventory, carbon mitigation and roundwood production projects. Springer Science & Business Media. 2007;29:113-147.

Henson IE. Modelling the impact of climatic and climate-related factors on oil palm growth and productivity. Malaysian Palm Oil Board, Malaysia; 2006.

Khoon K, Rumpang E, Kamarudin N, Harun MH. Quantifying total carbon stock of mature oil palm. J. Oil. Palm. Res. 2019;31:521-527.

Leblanc, HA, Russo RO. Carbon sequestration in an oil palm crop system (Elaeisguineensis) in the Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica. Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 2008;121:52–54.

Suresh K, Mathur RK, Babu MK. Screening of oil palm duras for drought tolerance-stomatal responses, gas exchange and water relations. J. Plantation. Crops. 2008;36:270-275.

Sanquetta CR, PellicoNetto S, Dalla Corte AP, Lourenco A. Quantifying biomass and carbon stocks in oil palm (ElaeisguineensisJacq.) in Northeastern Brazil. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 2015;10:4067-4075.

Murphy PG, Lugo AE. Structure and biomass of a subtropical dry forest in Puerto Rico. Biotropica. 1986;89-96.

Becknell JM, Powers JS. Stand age and soils as drivers of plant functional traits and aboveground biomass in secondary tropical dry forest. Can. J. Forest. Res. 2014;44:604-613.

Gandhi, DS, Sundarapandian S. Large-scale carbon stock assessment of woody vegetation in tropical dry deciduous forest of Sathanur reserve forest, Eastern Ghats, India. Environ. Monit. Assess. 2017; 189:187.

Syahrinudin. The potential of palm oil and forest plantations for carbon sequestration on degraded land in Indonesia. In: Vlek PLG, Denich M, Martiuns C, Rodgers C, van de Giesen N, editors. Ecol. Dev. Series No. 27.CuvillierVerlag, Göttingen; 2005.

Sitompul SM, Hairiah K, Cadisch G, Van Noordwijk M. Dynamics of density fractions of macro-organic matter after forest conversion to sugarcane and woodlots, accounted for in a modified Century model. NJAS-Wagen. J. Life. Sc. 2000;48:61-73.

Suresh, K, Kumar MK. Carbon Sequestration Potential of Oil Palm under Irrigated and Rainfed Conditions. Indian. J. Dryland. Agr. Res. Dev. 2011;26:55-57.

Alvarez Escoto NR, Russo RO, Leblanc Ureña HA. Fijación de carbono en la biomasa y en el suelo de especiesforestalesnativasdeltrópicohúmedo. Escuela de Agricultura de la Región Tropical Húmeda, (EARTH) Biblioteca W.K. Kellogg, Costa Rica; 2005.

Ziegler AD, Phelps J, Yuen JQ, Webb EL, Lawrence D, Fox JM, et al., Carbon outcomes of major land‐cover transitions in SE Asia: great uncertainties and REDD+ policy implications. Glob. Change. Biol. 2012; 8:3087-3099.

Henson IE. The Malaysian national average oil palm: concept and evaluation. Oil Palm Bulletin. 2003;46:15-27.

Rakesh SS, Davamani V, Sara Parwin Banu K, Maragatham S, Lakshmanan A,Parameswari E, Velmurugan M. Assessing the potential of Elaeis guineensis plantaions for carbon sequestration and fresh fruit bunch yield in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 2020;39(6):80 – 90.

Suresh K,Kiran Kumar M. Carbon sequestration potential of oil palm under irrigated and rainfed conditions." Indian Journal of Dryland Agricultural Research and Development 2011;26(2):55-57.

Simanihuruk K, Junjungan K, Tarigan A. Pemanfaatanpelepahkelapasawitsebagaipakan basal kambingkacangfasepertumbuhan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakandan Veteriner. 2007;417-424.

Khalil HA, Jawaid M, Hassan A, Paridah MT, Zaidon A. Oil palm biomass fibres and recent advancement in oil palm biomass fibres based hybrid biocomposites; 2012.

Melling L, Hatano R, Goh KJ. Methane fluxes from three ecosystems in tropical peatland of Sarawak, Malaysia. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2005;37(8):1445-1453.

Fahmuddin A, Runtunuwu E, Tania J, Susanti E, Komara H, Syahbuddin H, et al., Carbon dioxide emission in land use transitions to plantation; 2009.

Henson IE. A Review of Models for Assessing Carbon Stocks and Carbon Sequestration in Oil Palm Plantations. J. Oil. Palm. Res. 2017;29:1-10.

Dufrene E. Photosynthese, consummation en eauetmodelistion de la productionchez le palmier a huila (ElaeisguineensisJacq.) (Photosynthesis, water consumption and modeling of production of oil palm (ElaeisguineensisJacq.)). PhD thesis, University of Paris – sud, Centre D’Orsay, France, 1989;154.

Henson IE, Chai SH. Analysis of oil palm productivity. II. Biomass, distribution, productivity and turnover of the root system. Elaeis, 1997;9(2):78-92.

Khalid H, Zakaria Z, Anderson JM. Effects of oil palm residues management at replanting on soil nutrient dynamics and oil palm growth. In: Proceedings of the 1999 PORIM international palm oil congress (Agriculture). Palm Oil Research Institute of Malaysia, Bangi, 1999;235–246.

Henson IE. Modelling carbon sequestration and emissions related to oil palm cultivation and associated land use change in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Malaysian Palm Oil Board; 2004.

Smith DR, Townsend TJ, Choy AW, Hardy IC, Sjögersten S. Short‐term soil carbon sink potential of oil palm plantations. GCB bioenergy, 2012;4(5):588-596.

Kiran Kumar M, RajasekharPinnamaneni T, Vijaya Lakshmi T, Suresh K. Carbon Sequestration Potential in a Ten Year Old Oil Palm under Irrigated Conditions. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol. App. Sci. 2017;6(8):1339-1343