Water Deficit Implication on the Growth Attributing Characters of Some Selected Improved Banana Germplasm under in an Inseptisol of North East India

Main Article Content

Amarjit Saikia
Prakash Kalita
Soibam Helena Devi
Ingudam Bhupenchandra
Laishram Kanta Singh
S. S. Bora
Seema Bhagowoti
Babita Tamuli
S. Roma Devi
Kripal Bora

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at the Experimental Farm, Department of Horticulture, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat during the year 2014-2016 with ten germplasm of banana viz. Gobin Tulchi (AAB), Bogimonohar (ABB), Manohar (AAB), Agnisagar (AAA). Barjahaji (AAA), Kachkal (ABB), Assamese Malbhog (AAB), Chenichampa (AAB), Bharatmoni (AAB) and Jahaji (AAA) to assess the physiological performance of this banana (Musa spp.) germplasm with special reference to moisture stress. The various parameters were recorded at 5th, 7th and 9th months after planting. The soil of the experimental field was acidic, well drained and sandy loam in texture with low available N and K and medium available P content. The statistical design was Randomized block design. All the data pertaining to the present investigation were statistically analysed as per the method of analysis of variance (ANOVA) given by Panse and Sukhatme (1967). The critical difference (CD) values were calculated at 5 per cent probability level. For analysis software SPSS 7.5, Costat 6.3 and MS-excel were used. Moisture stress progressively reduced the values of leaf area, root biomass, specific leaf weight, fruit length, fruit circumference, duration of fruit filling, number of hands per bunch, number of finger per bunch, pulp-peel ratio and bunch weight. The germplasm Barjahaji was found to be higher yielder followed by Bogimonohar and Agnisagar whereas the cultivar Kachkal and Assamese Malbhog were found to be the lowest performer in this regard. From the above, it can be concluded that the cultivars Barjahaji, Bogimonohar and Agnisagar are physiologically more tolerant.

Keywords:
Banana, fruit length, leaf area, root biomass, specific leaf weight, water deficit.

Article Details

How to Cite
Saikia, A., Kalita, P., Devi, S. H., Bhupenchandra, I., Singh, L. K., Bora, S. S., Bhagowoti, S., Tamuli, B., Devi, S. R., & Bora, K. (2020). Water Deficit Implication on the Growth Attributing Characters of Some Selected Improved Banana Germplasm under in an Inseptisol of North East India. International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 21(19), 53-65,. https://doi.org/10.9734/irjpac/2020/v21i1930277
Section
Original Research Article

References

FAO. Food and agriculture organization of the united nation. FAOSTAT-PC, FAO, Rome, Italy; 2010.

Turner DW, Fortescue J, Thomas DS. Environmental physiology of the bananas (Musa spp.). Braz. J. Plant Physiol. 2007;19:463-484.

Bray EA, Bailey-Serres J, Weretilnyk E. Responses to abiotic stresses. In Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants, Buchanan BB, Gruissem W, Jones RL. eds (Rockville, MD: American Society of Plant Physiologists). 2000;1158-1203.

Jackson ML. Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi; 1973.

Walkley A, Black IA. An examination of Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and proposed modification of the chromic acid tritation method. Soil Science. 1934;37:29-38.

Piper CS. Soil and plant analysis. University of Adelaide, Australia; 1966.

Murray DB. The effect of deficiencies of the major nutrients on growth and leaf analysis of the banana. Trop. Agric. 1960;37.

Lu Z, Neumann PM. Water-stressed maize, barley, and rice seedlings show species diversity in mechanisms of leaf growth inhibition. J. Expt. Bot. 1998;49:1945-1952.

Kallarackal J, Milburn JA, Baker DA. Water relations of the banana. III effects of controlled water stress on water potential, transpiration, photosynthesis and leaf growth. Australian J. Plant Physiol. 1990;17:79-90.

Bruke JJ, Gamble PE, Hatfield JL, Quisenberry JE. Plant morphological and biochemical response to field water deficit. Plant Physiol. 1985;79:415-419.

Wells JA, Nugent PE. Effect of high soil water on quality of muskmelon. Hort. Sci. 1980;15:258-259.

Daniells JW, Watson BJ. Effects of water stress on bananas. Banana Newsl. 1987;7:3.

Anonymous. Annual Report. Trichy, India: National Research Centre for Banana (ICAR); 2008.

Murali K, Srinivas K, Shivakumar HR, Kalyanamurthy KN. Effect of soil moisture stress at different stages on yield and yield parameters of “Elakki” banana. Adv Plant Sci. 2005;18(2):817-822.

Surendar KK, Devi DD, Ravi I, Jeyakumar P, Velayudham K. Physiological and biochemical behavior in banana cultivars and hybrids under water deficit. African J. Agril. Res. 2013;8:4198-4208.

Araya M. Study of the effect of Musa genotype, soil type, and weed management on their nematodes and nematodes damage distribution. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. 2005;655.

Baruah K, Sahu NP, Pal AK, Debnath D, Yengkokpam S. Interactions of dietary microbial phytase, citric acid and crude protein level on mineral utilization by Rohu, Labeorohita (Hamilton), juveniles. J. World Aquacult. Soc. 2007;38:238-249.

Turner DW, Rosales FE. Banana Root System: towards a better understanding for its productive management. International Network for the improvement of Banana and Plantain, Montpellier, France; 2005.

Black CA. Method of soil analysis. Part II. American society of agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA; 1965.

Boyer JS. Water transport. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 1985;36:473-516.

Chen, Ching-Yih. Study on water relations in banana. J. Agril. Assoc. China. 1971;76:24-38.

Dastane NG. A practical manual for water use research in agriculture. 2nd edition. Poona, Navabharat Prakashan; 1972.

Lopez. Tillage effects on soil surface conditions and dust emissions by wind erosion in semiarid Aragon (NE Spain). Soil Tillage Res. 1998;45:91-105.

Turner DW, Thomas DS. Measurements of plant and soil water status and their association with leaf gas exchange in banana (Musa spp.): a laticiferous plant. Scientia Horticulturae. 1998;77:177-193.

Bowes GW, Orgen L, Hageman R. H. Light saturated photosynthesis rate, RuBp Carboxylase activity and specific leaf weight in soybean grown under different light intensities. Crop Sci. 1972;12:77-79.