Correlation and Path Analysis Study in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Genotypes

Main Article Content

Jogdhande Srinivas
K. Ravinder Reddy
P. Saidaiah
K. Anitha
S. R. Pandravada
M. Balram


The present investigation on study of Correlation and path analysis study in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes was carried out during during rabi crop are that sown in winter season, in the year 2016-17. The study was under taken on 30 genotypes of chilli using randomized block design (RBD) with three replication. The result on phenotypic and genotypic correlation coefficient revealed that fresh fruit yield per plant was significantly and positively correlated with total number of fruits per plant, fruit diameter, fruit pedicel length, fresh fruit weight, dry fruit weight, seed content, ascorbic acid content, oleoresin content, capsanthin content and capsaicin content. However anthracnose resistance, number of primary branches per plant, number of flowers per axil and fruit length showed significantly and negatively correlated with Fresh fruit yield per plant. The path coefficient analysis different yield and yield contributing traits on fruit diameter, length of fruit, fruits per plant and fresh weight of fruit exhibited positive direct effects on Fresh fruit yield per plant these characters play a major role in recombination breeding and suggested that direct selection based on these traits will be rewarded for crop improvement of chilli.

Chilli, genotypes, correlation, path coefficient, traits.

Article Details

How to Cite
Srinivas, J., Reddy, K. R., Saidaiah, P., Anitha, K., Pandravada, S. R., & Balram, M. (2020). Correlation and Path Analysis Study in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) Genotypes. International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 21(21), 1-11.
Original Research Article


Saffarod WE. Our heritage from the American Indians. Annual Report. Smithsonian Institute. 1926;405-410.

Indian horticulture database; 2018. Available:

Pandey G, Dobhal VK. Multivariate Analysis in Chilli. Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. 1993;2(1-2):71-74.

Moscone EA, Scaldaferro MA, Grabiele M, Cecchini NM, et al. The evolution of chili peppers (Capsicum solanaceae) a cytogenetic perspective. VI International Solanaceae Conference: Genomics Meets Biodiversity. Acta Horticulturae. 2007;745: 137- 170.

Purseglove JW. Tropical crops- dicotyledons ELBS, Longman, London. 1977;2.

Asati BS, Yadav DS. Diversity of horticultural crops in north eastern region. ENVIS Bull Him Eco. 2004;12:1-11.

Prasad NBC, Gururaj HB, Kumar V, Giridhar P, Parimalan R, Sharma A, Ravishankar GA. Influence of 8-methyl nonenoic acid on capsaicin biosynthesis invivo and invitro cell cultures of Capsicum spp. J. Agri. Fd Chem. 2006;54(5):1854-1859.

Prasath D, Ponnuswami V, Muralidharan V. Evaluation of chilli (Capsicum spp.) germplasm for extractable colour and pungency. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2007;67(1):97-98.

Wright S. Correlation and causation. Journal of Agricultural Research. 1921;20: 557-585.

Dewey DR, Lu KH. Correlation and path coefficient analysis of components of crested wheat grass seed production. Agronomy Journal. 1959;51(9):515-518.

Sarma RN, Roy A. Variation and character association in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Annals of Agriculture Research. 1995; 16(2):179-183.

Krishnamurthy SL, Madhavi Reddy K, Mohan Rao A. Genetic variation, path and correlation analysis in crosses among Indian and Taiwan presents in chilli. Vegetable Science. 2013;40(2):210-213.

Sharma A, Singh Y, Sharma S. Association of characters and their direct and indirect contributions for bell pepper (Capsicum annuum var. grossum L.) improvement. Vegetable Science. 2007; 34(1):74-76.

Gupta N, Bhardwaj M, Singh S. Genetic variability and correlation studies in bitter gourd under mid hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh, National Symposium on Abiotic and Biotic Stress Management in Vegetable Crops. Paper NSAB. 2013; 231.

Choudhary BS, Samadia DK. Variability and character association in chilli land races and genotypes under arid environment. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2004;61(2):132-136.

Khurana DS, Singh P, Hundal JS. Studies on genetic diversity for growth, yield and quality traits in chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2003; 60(3):277-282.

Devi DS, Arumugam R. Genetics of yield components in F1 generation of chillies (Capsicum annuum L.). Crop Research. 1999;18(1):108-111.

Nazir G, Narayan R, Hussain K, Ahmed N, Bhat K. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in sweet pepper (Capsicum annum var. grossum L.). Vegetable Science. 2005;32(1):88-89.

Ahmed N, Bhat MA, Tanki MI, Singh AK. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in paprika. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2006;63(1):92-95.

Sharma VK, Semwal CS, Uniyal SP. Genetic variability and character association analysis in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Horticulture and Forestry. 2010;2(3):058-065.

Hosamani RM, Shivkumar. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in chilli. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2008;65(3):349- 352.

Kaur B, Singh D. Correlation and path coefficient analysis in chilli for yield and quality parameters. Indian Journal of Horticulture. 2009;66(4):534-537.