A Comparison of the Performance of Saltwater Electrolytic Cell Battery with Zinc-Copper and Aluminum-copper Electrodes

Larry Angelo R. Cañete *

University of Cebu-Main Campus, Cebu City, Philippines.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Electrical energy is used to drive a non-spontaneous redox reaction in an electrolytic cell battery, which is composed of an electrochemical cell. The process of breaking down chemical compounds through electrolysis is frequently utilized, and it is derived from the Greek word lysis, which means to disintegrate. The electrolytic cell is composed of an electrolyte, two electrodes (one cathode and one anode), and three other components. Water or other solvents are typically used to make an electrolyte, which is a solution that contains dissolved ions. The purpose of this study is to test, analyze, and construct an electrolytic cell battery using various electrolytic solutions, salt-water concentrations, and the integration of fuel cells and electrodes. The research is designed to be experimental and relies on descriptive analysis to assess it. The design focused on the finding the optimal combination of electrode limited to zinc, copper, and aluminum (soda can), different electrolyte, type of connection of the fuel cells and the different concentration of saline solution used in order to provide optimum energy output. According to the data gathered and analyzed, the Zinc-Copper electrode produces an average voltage of 0.705 V per cell. Saltwater electrolyte produces the most effective results based on its cost effectiveness. When saline solution is 30% concentrated, the optimal voltage output is achieved, and fuel cells perform their best when connected in series. Using this parameter, twenty fuel cells are constructed that can produce 14.10 V without any load. The voltage was 7.57 V and the current was 1.1 A when connected to a DC lighting load that has a 12V power supply.

Keywords: Electrodes, electrolytic cell, electrolysis, redox reaction


How to Cite

Cañete, L. A. R. (2024). A Comparison of the Performance of Saltwater Electrolytic Cell Battery with Zinc-Copper and Aluminum-copper Electrodes. International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 25(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.9734/irjpac/2024/v25i1841

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