Distribution and Carcinogenicity of PCBs in Soil Contaminated with Transformer Oil in Selected Locations in Jos, Plateau State Nigeria
International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry,
Soil from the vicinity of transformers installation in different locations in Jos, Plateau State was investigated for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs). The assessment was carried out for both total PCBs and congeners using Agilent 6975 GC-MS in ten different locations. The soil samples were extracted with 1:1 hexane- acetone in an ultrasonic bath, concentrated and cleaned with column chromatography using silica gel and hexane as eluting solvent. The result shows five locations were polluted with PCBs that exceed the maximum limit of 2.0mg/kg as permitted by the United States Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) with the following values NGS 1 (14.25), NGS 3 (4.47), NGS 6 (9.48), NGS 9 (8.21) and NGS 10 (5.05) while the others have NGS 2 (0.64), NGS 4 (1.85), NGS 5 (0.83), NGS 7 (0.95) in mg/kg respectively, NGS 8 value was below the instrument detection limit (0.0012mg/kg). The order for the total PCBs concentration in these selected locations are NGS 1 > NGS 6 > NGS 9 > NGS 10 > NGS 3 > NGS 4 > NGS 7 > NGS 5 > NGS 2. The carcinogenicity of the dioxin-like PCBs calculated as total toxicity equivalence concentration (TTEC) in these selected locations corresponds to NGS 1 (0.00001), NGS 2 (0.0000051), NGS 3 (0.0000054), NGS 4 (0.0000051), NGS 6 (0.0000063), NGS 7 (0.0000078), NGS 9 (0.0000051) and NGS 10 (0.0000051) respectively. The total cancer risk computed by addition of cancer risk due to ingestion, inhalation and dermal contact revealed that all the locations have very low to low cancer risk compared with the value recommended by the United State.